Through the LIBRARY it is possible to consult the data sheet of several important codices that enable to reconstruct the written culture of the patriarchate of Aquileia. Moreover, for many codices, the complete reproductions are made available, which makes this site a true virtual library of patriarchal Friuli.

Psalterium duplex

  • 8th century, second half; parchment; mm 310 × 230; ff. I, 239, III’.
  • Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. lat. 11.

Very old exemplar of St. Jerome’s double Psalter, particularly famous for its belonging to Eberhard, marquis of Friuli.

In the renowned testament will of Eberhard, marquis of Friuli († 864-866), among the numerous books the noble Frank owned and divided among his children, there is also, and it is even the first listed, «psalterium nostrum duplum», allotted to his son, Unroch. As a matter of fact, this Psalter is double, since it contains the two different Latin translations of the psalms, edited by Jerome in the fourth century, one opposite to the other: on one side the translation from the Greek Septuagint text and the translation directly from the Hebrew text on the other side. Several aspects mark the exceptionality of this codex. One is sure its antiquity: literature unanimously agrees to date it to the eighth century, maybe the second half, which means, among other things, that this is one of the oldest examples of a double Psalter. The codex is surely the product of a French scriptorium, that could be identified in the monasteries of Chelles and Corbie. A further element for the codex exceptionality is just a note that refers to the book’s owner and is therefore very celebrated. And indeed the name «evvrardus» can be read on f. 236v. Scholars have by common consent recognized the name of marquis Eberhard by this note. In the Modern Age the codex belonged to Christina of Sweden (1626-1689) and, since 1690, together with all the other books of the queen, it got into one of the main funds of the ‘Biblioteca Vaticana’.

Country of locationCittà del Vaticano
LocationCittà del Vaticano
Library / CollectionBiblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
ShelfmarkReg. lat. 11
Support materialParchment
Extentff. I, 239, III’
Formatmm 310 × 230
Age8th century, second half
© - Istituto Pio Paschini
per la storia della Chiesa in Friuli
Via Treppo, 5/B - 33100 Udine
Tel. e fax: 0432 414585