Through the LIBRARY it is possible to consult the data sheet of several important codices that enable to reconstruct the written culture of the patriarchate of Aquileia. Moreover, for many codices, the complete reproductions are made available, which makes this site a true virtual library of patriarchal Friuli.

Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum

  • 9th century, second quarter; parchment; mm 220 × 152; ff. 96.
  • Cividale del Friuli, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Archivi e Biblioteca, XXVIII.

The codex, probably written at Cividale, is one of the oldest witnesses of the Historia Langobardorum.

One of the oldest Carolingian codices of possibly Friulian provenance is now kept at Cividale: the Historia Langobardorum of the ‘Biblioteca Capitolare’ (Library of the Chapter) datable to the first half of the ninth century. The German palaeographer Bernhard Bischoff wrote about it as an evidence «of clearly regional nature», perhaps with reference to the script peculiarities that make it uneasily comparable with the contemporary production of other northern-Italian scribal centres, but maybe closer to some transalpine products of Bavarian scriptoria. Before and after Bischoff, also local historiographers have on their own had a good job to consider this copy of Paul the Deacon’s most celebrated work (and of major regional interest, as well) the product of a Friulian scriptorium. The manuscript was taken into account by the German scholars who edited the sole complete and nowadays available publication of Paul the Deacon’s work in the collection Monumenta Germaniae Historica towards the end of the nineteenth century: the antiquity of the book – since on the palaeographic basis it is datable to less than fifty years after the author’s death, it is one of the three oldest witnesses of the Historia Langobardorum known at present – and the substantial correctness of the given text won it the first place in the list of the recorded codices used for the edition.

Country of locationItaly
LocationCividale del Friuli
Library / CollectionMuseo Archeologico Nazionale, Archivi e Biblioteca
AuthorPaul the Deacon
Support materialParchment
Extentff. 96
Formatmm 220 × 152
Place of originCividale del Friuli ?
Age9th century, second quarter
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