Through the LIBRARY it is possible to consult the data sheet of several important codices that enable to reconstruct the written culture of the patriarchate of Aquileia. Moreover, for many codices, the complete reproductions are made available, which makes this site a true virtual library of patriarchal Friuli.

Antiphonal of Cividale

  • 15th century (before 1433); parchment; mm 540 × 370; ff. II, 192, II’.
  • Cividale del Friuli, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Archivi e Biblioteca, codex XXXVII.

The set of illustrations and, more generally, the manufacturing of the whole codex can be assigned to a workshop of Cividale that is to be included in the late-Gothic Veneto milieu close to the most relevant personalities of the same.

The codex is part of a six-volume Antiphonal, with eight lines of text and music, written and miniated for St. Mary’s collegiate church of Cividale, which also includes the volumes with shelf-marks XXXVIII, XL, XLVII, XLVIII, XLIX, that are all kept in the Codices Fund of the National Archaeological Museum of Cividale del Friuli. It is present, together with the other codices of this series, in the 1433 inventory of the Chapter, and in the subsequent one of the years 1355-1456. It contains the chants of the Common of Saints’ liturgy of hours (ff. 1-48v), of the Proper of Saints from St. Thomas’ feast to the Dedication of a church (ff. 48v-109v) and, finally, of the Proper of Time from the 1st Sunday after Pentecost’s octave to the end of the liturgical year with an addition of antiphons for different occasions (ff. 110-184v). The decoration is assigned to a late-Gothic workshop from Veneto, which was probably active in loco. The brush-painted initials exhibit an insisting presence of monstrous beings, drakes and grotesque masks either placed in their inside fields or forming the same initials, interposed between naturalistic leaves and racemes painted in a juicy colour and with a white-lead relief. Albeit originally rendered, the choice of illustrations is aligned to that taste for fancy which between the fourteenth and fifteenth century characterized such great miniaturists as the Master of the Novella and Cristoforo Cortese.
Country of locationItaly
LocationCividale del Friuli
Library / CollectionMuseo Archeologico Nazionale, Archivi e Biblioteca
Support materialParchment
Extentff. II, 192, II’
Formatmm 540 × 370
Age15th century (before 1433)
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per la storia della Chiesa in Friuli
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