Choir Books

f. 80r, Antiphonal, responsory of All Saints’ 1st eve, (detail, initial S with monstrous beings)

Antiphonal of Cividale

  • S. XV (before 1433); parchment; mm 555 x 380; ff. I, 184, I’
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum, Archives and Library, codex XL

The brush-painted initials of this antiphonal, manufactured for the chapter of Cividale, exhibit an insisting presence of monstrous beings, drakes and grotesque masks either placed in their inside fields or forming the initials themselves.

VIII_1_Codice 33, f. 139r (O)

Antiphonal of St. Domenic’s church of Cividale

  • S. XIV in.; parchment; mm 525 x 365; ff. I, 234, I’
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum, Archives and Library, codex XXXIII

Written and miniated by a Venetian school master for a Preachers’ church, perhaps for St. Domenic’s of Cividale itself.

Detail of the Antonine tau symbol (inside a scutcheon) in the Antiphonal from Easter to Advent Sunday

Antiphonal of St. Anthony the Abbot’s church of Udine

  • S. XIV, parchment, mm 560 x 375; ff. I, 162, II
  • Udine, ‘Archivio Capitolare’, ms. 20

The coats of arms of the Antonines’ General, Ponce (or Pierre) II Mitte (1370-1374) or Bertrand Mitte (1374-1389), and of the family Marra of Naples allow to individuate the patrons of an Antiphonal that probably came to Friuli in the first half of the fifteenth century.

f. 14r, Antiphonal from Sexagesima to Easter Sunday, initial S with Praying David

Antiphonal of St. Anthony the Abbot’s church of Udine

  • S. XIV; parchment; mm 586 x 340; ff. II, 165, II
  • Udine, ‘Archivio Capitolare’, 24

The codex, which is part of a four-volume Antiphonal written and illuminated under the Neapolitan church’s patronage of St. Anthony the Abbot at Foria, probably came to Friuli in the first half of the fifteenth century.

f. 95r, Gradual, 6th Feria after Quinquagesima, introit (detail, anthropo-zoomorphic initial A)

Gradual of the Chapter of Udine

  • S. XIV (second half); parchment; mm 572 x 395; ff. II,157,II’
  • Udine, ‘Archivio Capitolare’, ms. 29

The Gradual decoration is ascribed to a miniaturist participating in the Gothic-key renewal of the Friulian figurative culture that sprang thanks to Vitale da Bologna’s presence in Udine between 1348 and 1349.

Gradual from the 3rd Sunday in Lent to Holy Saturday, introit (detail of f. LXIv, initial C with a dog-headed monk reading a book)

Gradual of the Chapter of Udine

  • S. XIV (second half); parchment; mm 571 x 390; ff. 155
  • Udine, ‘Archivio Capitolare’, ms. 25

The set of illustrations, which repeat the same features of kaleidoscopic initials and inserts of bizarre beings and animals as in the other codices of this series, reaches here in some initials a quasi-irreverent and amused tone.

Gradual, after-Easter 5th Feria, introit, f. 10v, with anthro-zoomorphic initial V

Gradual of the Chapter of Udine

  • S. XIV (second half); parchment; mm 567 x 382; ff. II, 173, II’
  • Udine, ‘Archivio Capitolare’, ms. 23

A codex of the school of Bologna that, according to tradition, the parish church of Gemona received as a present by the patriarch Bertrand of Saint-Geniès.

f. 1r, Gradual from Advent Sunday to the 24th after-Pentecost Sunday, initial A with King David raising his soul to God

Gradual of the Parish Church of Gemona

  • S. XIV (3rd or 4th decade); parchment; mm 310 x 225; ff. 297
  • Gemona del Friuli, Parish Church, Gradual 3 (marked as ms. 1677)

A codex of the school of Bologna that, according to tradition, the parish church of Gemona received as a present by the patriarch Bertrand of Saint-Geniès.

Gradual, Ascension, introit, f. 59v with ornaments on the four margins and initial V with Christ’s Ascension

Gradual of the Parish Church of Spilimbergo

  • S. XIV ex. – XV in. (within 1503); parchment; mm 510 x 385; ff. II, 243, II’
  • Spilimbergo, Parish Church Archives, 3

The codex is part of the series of choir books for the cathedral church of Spilimbergo drawn by the painter Giovanni de Cramariis from Udine under the lords of Spilimbergo’s patronage.

Louis of Teck’s Antiphonal

  • S. XV (Udine, 1412-1420); parchment; mm 495 x 375; ff. 315
  • Udine, ‘Biblioteca Arcivescovile’, ms. 94

An Antiphonal copied at the beginning of the fifteenth century in the castle of Udine, the patriarchal residence of the time, by some chaplains-copyists of the patriarch Louis of Teck.

f. 80r, Antiphonal, responsory of All Saints’ 1st eve, (detail, initial S with monstrous beings)

Antiphonal of Cividale

  • S. XV (before 1433); parchment; mm 555 x 380; ff. I, 184, I’
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum, Archives and Library, codex XL

The brush-painted initials of this antiphonal, manufactured for the chapter of Cividale, exhibit an insisting presence of monstrous beings, drakes and grotesque masks either placed in their inside fields or forming the initials themselves.

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