Books of the Humanists

XII.1_BNF_Lat.2968_f.2r

Lactantius, De opificio Dei. Jerome, Opuscula.

  • A. 1439 (Firenze); parchment; mm 195 × 115; ff. II, 99, II’
  • Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 2968

A codex with texts of the Church Fathers copied during the Council of Florence by the canon Giacomo of Udine, familiar to Ludovico Trevisan and Guarnerio’s friend.

f. 1r with removed miniated initial

Cicero, Philippicae, Paradoxa, De amicitia

  • A. 1439, Lavariano (Udine); parchment; mm 290 × 195; ff. 96
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, ms. 61

A humanistic collection of different Cicero’s works copied for Guarnerio d’Artegna by the canon Nicolò of San Vito al Tagliamento at Lavariano (Udine).

f. 44r, incipit of the 2nd book of the De oratore with richly decorated initial M

Cicero, De oratore

  • A. 1441; Florence; parchment; mm 270 × 175; ff. V, 141, II’
  • Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bywater Add. 1

This Cicero’s codex, written in Florence by the canon Giacomo of Udine and by the latter left to St. Francis’ Convent of Udine, experienced a long theory of handovers before it got into the Bodleian Library, where it is nowadays kept.

f. 45r, incipit of the 1st book of the Aeneis with tied-neck-knot decorated initial

Vergil, Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneis

  • 1456; parchment; mm 342 × 214; ff. 188
  • Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Pal. lat. 39

Virgil’s codex drawn out for Girolamo Barbarigo, General Governor (‘luogotenente’) of ‘Patria del Friuli’, by Battista da Cingoli, a professional copyist at Guarnerio’s service.

coperta

Pliny the Elder, Naturalis historia

  • A. 1456 (San Daniele); parchment; mm 440 × 245; ff. 428
  • Paris, ‘Bibliothèque Nationale’, Par. lat. 9325

This Pliny’s codex, copied by Battista da Cingoli for Guarnerio, was brought to Paris by Napoleons’ army.

f. 2r, incipit of the 1st book, initial with white-vine-stems (‘bianchi girari’) that are carried on in the richly decorated page border. In the middle of the bottom frieze Guarnerio’s coat of arms

Livy, Ab urbe condita libri XXXI-XL

  • A. 1456-1457; parchment; mm 380 × 215; ff. 194
  • Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 8954

This precious Livy’s codex, ordered by Guarnerio and by the latter left to the community of San Daniele del Friuli, was ultimately brought to Paris by Napoleons’ army, as well.

Details of two tied-neck-knotted initials (ff. 50 and 233)

Augustine, De civitate Dei

  • A. 1450; parchment; mm 385 × 240; ff. II + 428 +II
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, 8

The typical ‘tied neck-knot’ decoration did firstly appear in this codex carried out for Guarnerio.

f. 79r, inhabited initial with dame and page holding a garland

Miscellaneous Works

  • A. 1448-1452; parchment; mm 270 × 170; ff. 169
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, 102

A miscellanea of different works having wide spread in the fifteenth-century Humanism that was copied for Guarnerio by some copyists attending the notarial school of Udine.

f. 1r, tied neck-knotted initial on gilded foil

Plautus, The Twelve ‘New’ Comedies

  • A. 1456-1461; parchment; mm 385 × 220; ff. 154
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, 53

A codex of Plautus’ comedies copied for Guarnerio by Nicolò de Collibus, young notary-student, probably from a manuscript that had belonged to Giovanni of Spilimbergo.

f. 25v, decorated initial on concave-sided rectangular background

Leonardo Bruni, De bello Italico adversus Gothos

  • A. 1453-1456 circa; parchment; mm 290 × 160; ff. II, 80
  • Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canon. Misc. 551

Plenty of witnesses convey this remarkably successful work by Bruni: among them the Canonicianus 551 copied for Guarnerio by Giovanni Belgrado, a notary student at Udine.

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