Books of Charlemagne’s Age

Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum

  • S. IX2/4; parchment; mm 220 × 152; ff. 96.
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum. Archives and Library, ms. XXVIII

The codex, probably written at Cividale, is one of the oldest witnesses of the Historia Langobardorum.

Lex Romana Utinensis

  • S. IX1 e IX med.; parchment; mm 365 × 260; ff. I, 150 (paged 55-354), I’ [Haenel 8]; II, 27 (paged 1-54), I’ [Haenel 9].
  • Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek Albertina, Haenel 8+9.

An articulated collection of Roman-Justinian juridical texts circulating in Italy in the early Middle Ages.

Jerome, Commentarii in epistulas Pauli apostoli

  • S. IX4/4; parchment; mm 307 × 188; ff. VI, 123, VII’.
  • Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 9531

The names of the patriarchs Valpert and Lupus emerging from the margins of this book prove its Friulian provenance.

Liber glossarum

  • S. IX ex.; parchment; mm 240 × 175; 1 f.
  • Udine, State Archives, fragment 132

Fragment of one of the most important encyclopaedic collections of the early Middle Ages.

Psalterium duplex

  • S. VIII2; parchment; mm 310 × 230; ff. I, 239, III’.
  • Vatican City, ‘Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana’, Reg. lat. 11

Very old exemplar of St. Jerome’s double Psalter, particularly famous for its belonging to Eberhard, marquis of Friuli.


  • S. IX2; parchment; mm 312 × 209; ff. II, 249, II’.
  • Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, 412.

A codex of accurate manufacturing, whose local provenance is proved by the herein contained passions of Aquileian martyrs.

Leo the Great, Epistulae

  • S. X1; mm 280 × 172; ff. II, 87, I’.
  • Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, 1645

The presence of the manuscript in Friuli is witnessed at least since the beginning of the fifteenth century.

Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum

  • S. X1; parchment; mm 245 × 182; ff. I, 102.
  • Vatican City, ‘Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana’, Vat. lat. 11256.

The provenance of the codex from Cividale is due to marginal notes evidencing its local use among the twelfth and sixteenth century.

Leave a Comment