Bibles

2, ff. 113v-114r, Eusebian Canon Tables

The Giant Bible of San Daniele

  • ante 1078; parchment; mm 530 × 350; ff. I + 239 + I’
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, 1
  • ante 1078; parchment; mm 530 × 345; ff. II + 204 + I’
  • San Daniele del Friuli, ‘Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana’, 2

The giant bible that in the half of the fifteenth century appears among the books of the parish church of San Daniele del Friuli had been in Friuli at least since the years of Pellegrinus’ I patriarchy (1131-1161), after belonging to St. Pontianus’ church of Spoleto in 1078.

Codex I, f. 148v, initial of the book of the prophet Hosea

Giant Bible of Cividale

  • S. XI ex.; parchment; mm 615 × 410; ff. I + 159 + III’
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum. Archives and Library, I
  • S. XI ex.; parchment; mm 585 × 395; I + 283 + I’
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum. Archives and Library, II

This Bible of a possible Roman origin has been kept at Cividale del Friuli at least since the years of the patriarch Gerard (1122-1129). Its manufacturing can evidently be dated to little earlier than 1100, providing that a note by a contemporary hand records the Holy Sepulchre’s conquest by the Crusaders

Fragment verso

Bible (fragment)

  • S. XII med.; parchment; mm 550 × 320; f. 1.
  • Udine, State Archives, fragment 237

This book fragment eloquently exemplifies the final destiny of full many a large-format bible: fallen into disuse and become obsolete due to press publishing they ended up by being considered mere depots of parchment.

f. 207r, initial of the Byzantine Bible

Byzantine Bible

  • S. XIII in.; parchment; mm 520 × 348; ff. 257.
  • San Daniele del Friuli, Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana, 3

The ‘Byzantine’ Bible remains an enigma as to the reasons of its patrons and the location of its scriptorium.

f. 2r, initial of the dedicatory epistle

The ‘Italian’ Biblia Parisiensis

  • S. XIII2; parchment; mm 230 × 160; ff. I + 467 + I’
  • San Daniele del Friuli, Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana, 248

The ‘Guarneriana’ codex is quite a precocious and very correct witness of the success had in the Italian area by the bible model named Parisiensis after the University where it had its origin.

f. 325v, initial of the Ecclesiastes

Anglo-Norman Bible

  • S. XII1; parchment; mm 320 × 215; ff. I, 329, I’
  • Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 11929

An Anglo-Norman bible that came to Friuli around the half of the fourteenth century and was given to the chapter of Udine by Giovanni Gubertini, patriarchal chancellor.

ff. 170v-171r, initial of the Psalter

Pocket Bible

  • S. XIV; parchment; mm 230 × 140; ff. I + 407 + III’
  • San Daniele del Friuli, Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana, 284

A complete minute Bible (it is a typical livre de poche) that reflects a late materialization of the Biblia Parisiensis prototype.

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