Antiphonal of Cividale

  • S. XIII-XIV; parchment; mm 510 × 355; ff. II, 156 (172), I’. Square notation on red pentagram.
  • Cividale del Friuli, National Archaeological Museum. Archives and Library, codex XLI

The codex, which is seriously mutilated, was written for the Church of Cividale and evidences how complex were the relations between the different liturgical-music centres along the Middle Ages.

The antiphonal consists of the following main sections: temporale from the 1st Advent Sunday to the Epiphany octave (f. 1r); sanctorale with the proper of Saints from St. Fabian and St. Sebastian (January 20th) to the Announcement (March 25th) (f. 69r); temporale from the Septuagesima Sunday to Tuesday in diebus rogationum (f. 90r); common of a martyr for the Easter time (f. 152r); proper sanctorale from St. George (April 23rd/24th) to Saints Alexander Eventius and Theodolus (May 3rd) (f. 154r). The codex comes from the local collegiate church of Cividale del Friuli, and the concordances with other codices induce to think that it was written for the same institution. The collected material does not cover the whole liturgical year and the current conditions of the manuscript evidence serious mutilations suffered in the course of time. Beyond the failing parts, the extremely precarious condition of the codex ending part is to be reported as well: only little more than the half of the original manuscript is supposably survived.

f. 30r,Christmas responsory Descendit de caelo with verse and trop (prosula)

f. 30r,Christmas responsory Descendit de caelo with verse and trop (prosula)

f. 138v, Easter morning responsory and dramatization of the Visit to the Sepulchre

f. 138v, Easter morning responsory and dramatization of the Visit to the Sepulchre

Leave a Comment